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干货!大学英语四六级翻译常用话题汇总

发布日期:2021-03-02    作者:     来源:     点击:

翻译热点话题(四六级通用)

一.社会生活

1. housing problem住房问题

● The government is trying to solve the housing problem.

政府正在努力解决住房问题。

2. urban expansion城市扩张

● Urban expansion leads to the loss of the farmland.

城市扩张导致耕地流失。

3. population aging 人口老龄化

● Population aging brings about many social problems.

人口老龄化带来许多社会问题。

4. TV talent show电视选秀节目

● The TV talent show has been very popular in China.

电视选秀节目在中国很受欢迎。

5. copycat products山寨产品

● Copycat products tend to have quality problems.

山寨产品往往有质量问题。

6. food safety食品安全

● Food safety issues should be given enough attention.

食品安全问题应得到足够的重视。

7. left-behind children留守儿童

● “Left-behind children” has aroused great public concern.

留守儿童引起了公众的极大关注。

8. ant tribe蚁族

● The life condition of the ant tribe is disastrous.

蚁族的生活状况极其恶劣。

9. plastic surgery整形手术

● Nowadays, many ordinary people choose to have plastic surgery.

如今,许多普通人选择做整形手术。

10. be addicted to the Internet上网成瘾

● Teenagers are prone to be addicted to the Internet.

青少年容易上网成瘾。

11. Internet rumors网络谣言

● Internet rumors spread quickly and widely.

网络谣言传播速度快、范围广。

12. drunk driving酒后驾车

● Drunk driving has severe outcomes.

酒后驾车后果严重。

13. anti-corruption反腐败

● Chinese government has launched a series of anti-corruption drives.

中国政府发起了一系列的反腐行动。

14. civil servant craze/fever公务员热

● Civil servant craze/fever will not cool down in a short term.

公务员热短期内不会改变。

15. traffic jam交通拥堵

● The traffic jam is a universal problem.

交通拥堵是一个全球性问题。

16. the rich second generation富二代

● The emergence of the “rich second generation” causes extensive social concern.

“富二代”的出现引起了社会的广泛关注。

17. academic dishonesty学术造假

● Academic dishonesty has a very bad social influence.

学术造假有很坏的社会影响。

18. polarization of the rich and the poor贫富分化

● Polarization of the rich and the poor may give rise to lots of social problems.

贫富分化会引发很多社会问题。

19. privacy of celebrities名人隐私

● Recently, there's a fierce debate on whether the privacy of celebrities can be revealed.

最近,关于是否可以曝光名人隐私引发了一场激烈的讨论。

20. social network社交网络

● The social network has greatly changed the way we live and communicate.

社交网络极大地改变了我们生活和交流的方式。

二、人生哲理

1. dedication奉献,全身心投入

● Without wholehearted dedication, one cannot succeed.

没有全心全意的奉献,人们就不可能成功。

2. duty-bound义不容辞的

● It is duty-bound for grown-ups to support their parents.

成年子女赡养父母是义不容辞的责任。

3. thrift节俭

● Despite the improvement of the life condition, it is still necessary to advocate thrift.

尽管生活水平提高了,但是提倡节俭还是有必要的。

4. perseverance不屈不挠,坚持不懈

● Success is about dogged determination and perseverance.

成功在于坚定的决心和坚持不懈。

5. practice filial piety奉行孝道

● Practicing filial piety needs patience, perseverance and wisdom.

奉行孝道需要耐心、坚持和智慧。

6. personal gains and losses个人得失

● They work for the common good wholeheartedly, regardless of personal gains and losses.

他们全心全意为公共利益,不计较个人得失。

7. strive for excellence精益求精

● Striving for excellence leads to perfection.

精益求精成就完美。

8. keep pace with the times与时俱进

● Only through continuous learning can you keep pace with the times.

只有不断学习,才能与时俱进。

9. make joint efforts齐心协力

● On many occasions, we need to make joint efforts to complete one task.

许多情况下,我们需要齐心协力完成一项工作。

10. self-cultivation自我修养

● The purpose of reading is not only to gain knowledge, but also to improve self-cultivation.

读书的目的不只是获得知识,还在于提升自我修养。

11. diligent勤奋的

● Success will fall upon those who are diligent.

成功会垂青那些勤奋的人。

12. optimistic乐观的

● Optimistic people can always see the silver lining in every cloud.

乐观的人总能看到黑暗中的一线希望。

13. pessimistic悲观的

● Pessimistic emotion does harm to health.

悲观的情绪对健康有害。

14. release pressure释放压力

● In modern society, people should learn to release pressure in proper ways.

现代社会,人们应该学会用合适的方法释放压力。

15. traditional virtue传统美德

● Honesty is the traditional virtue of China.

诚实是中华民族的传统美德。

16. social skills社交技能

● Social skills can benefit career development.

社交技能有助于职业发展。

17. respect the elderly and care for the young尊老爱幼

● Chinese people regard it as a social responsibility to respect the elderly and care for the young.

中国人把尊老爱幼看作是一种社会责任。

18. lack of confidence缺乏自信

● Lack of confidence may stop you from succeeding.

缺乏自信会阻碍你成功。

19. down-to-earth attitude脚踏实地的态度

● One needs to hold a down-to-earth attitude toward work and study.

无论工作还是学习,都应该保持一种脚踏实地的态度。

20. self-restraint自我约束,自我克制

● Successful people tend to have strong self-restraint.

成功人士往往有着较强的自制力。

 

三、文化教育

1. mass media大众媒体

● In most parts of the world, the mass media are flourishing.

在世界的大部分地方,大众媒体正在繁荣发展。

2. cultural heritage文化遗产

● The Great Wall, the cradle of Chinese civilization, is one of the world's cultural heritage sites.

长城是中华文明的摇篮,是世界文化遗产之一。

3. compulsory education义务教育

● In education, we placed emphasis on strengthening compulsory education, especially in rural areas.

在教育方面,我们重点加强了义务教育,特别是农村义务教育。

4. exam-oriented/quality-oriented education应试/素质教育

● The exam-oriented education is changing to the quality-oriented education gradually.

应试教育正在逐步向素质教育转变。

5. cultural integration文化融合

● In order to solve this problem, we must strengthen cultural integration.

要解决这个问题,我们必须加强文化融合。

6. bomb 戏剧、电影等演砸

● His latest play bombed on Broadway.

他的最新剧作在百老汇演砸了。

7. exotic culture异域文化

● It might not be easy for students studying overseas to blend into an exotic culture.

对于在海外学习的学生来讲,要融入异域文化可能并不容易。

8. diploma文凭

● The diploma just represents one's educational background.

文凭只是反映一个人的教育背景。

9. personal specialty个人特长

● Would you like to take tennis up as an off-hour hobby or a personal specialty?

你想把网球发展为业余爱好或个人特长吗?

10. career fair招聘会

● Last month, I found my job at a career fair my university sponsored.

上个月,我在学校赞助的招聘会上找到了工作。

11.job hunting找工作

● After three years of unemployment, I started job hunting yesterday.

失业三年后,我从昨天开始找工作。

12. recruitment招聘

● The recruitment process should be open and transparent.

招聘过程应该公开透明。

13. broaden one's horizons拓宽某人的视野

● Taking courses of different subjects can broaden your horizons.

学习不同的课程可以拓宽你的视野。

14. the only child独生子女

● She was the only child of a couple originally from Kansas.

她是最初来自堪萨斯州的一对夫妇的独生女。

15. follow suit效仿

● Each time the company launched a new program, its rivals will follow suit at once.

每次这家公司推出一套新的方案,它的竞争对手就立即效仿。

16. social practice社会实践

● In addition, social practice helps strengthen students' sense of social responsibility.

此外,社会实践有助于增强学生的社会责任意识。

17. skip classes逃课

● Some students skip classes just because they have no interest in certain subjects.

有些学生逃课仅仅是因为他们对某些科目不感兴趣。

18. tuition (fee) 学费

● Tuition is a barrier to students from poor families entering college.

学费是贫困学生上大学的一大障碍。

19. higher education高等教育

● Many excellent but poor students lost the chance of higher education.

许多优秀但家境贫穷的学生失去了接受高等教育的机会。

20. arts/science文科/理科

● Most colleges divide courses into two categories: arts and science.

大多数大学把课程分为两类:文科和理科。

四、社会生活

1. blind job-hopping盲目跳槽

● Blind job-hopping is not conducive to career development.

盲目跳槽不利于职业发展。

2. worship of money拜金主义

● The worship of money will distort one's personality.

拜金主义会扭曲人格。

3. professional ethics职业道德

● Having good professional ethics is very important for a scholar.

具有良好的职业道德对一名学者来说是很重要的。

4. social security 社保

● We will work to see that everyone has access to social security.

全面实施全民参保计划。

5. NEET group啃老族

● The NEET group is not a peculiar Chinese group.

啃老族并非中国特有的群体。

6. sex ratio imbalance性别比例失衡

● Many think the family planning policy results in sex ratio imbalance in China.

很多人认为中国的计划生育政策导致了性别比例失衡。

7. cellphone obsession沉迷于手机

● Cellphone obsession may cause social phobia.

沉迷于手机可能会引起社交恐惧症。

8. vulgar culture低俗文化

● College students should resist vulgar culture resolutely.

大学生应当坚决抵制低俗文化。

9. food safety strategy食品安全策略

● We will initiate a food safety strategy to ensure that people have peace of mind about what they're putting on their plates.

坚持食品安全战略,让人民吃得放心。

10. public morals/morality公共道德

● The erosion of public morals should be given sufficient attention to.

公共道德的败坏应该引起足够重视。

11. fake products假冒产品

● Fake products severely damage the interests of consumers.

假冒产品严重危害消费者利益。

12. generation gap代沟

● The generation gap creates obstacles to communication.

代沟阻碍沟通交流。

13. private cars私家车

● The increase of private cars will aggravate the traffic jam.

私家车的增多会加剧交通拥堵。

14. electronic book电子书

● Nowadays, reading electronic books is enjoying great popularity.

如今,阅读电子书非常流行。

15. junk message垃圾短信

● The junk message has become a public hazard.

垃圾短信已经成为公共危害。

16. empty nester空巢老人

● In the coming decades, the number of empty nesters will continue to increase.

在未来的几十年里,空巢老人的数量将会持续增加。

17. installment payment分期付款

● Nowadays, installment payment has been widely adopted in China.

现如今,分期付款已经在中国广泛使用。

18. fast-paced life快节奏的生活

● Due to the fast-paced life, modern people are prone to get depressed.

由于快节奏的生活,现代人很容易抑郁。

19. information era信息时代

● The advent of the information era has enhanced our efficiency of work.

信息时代的到来提高了我们的工作效率

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